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Most of the examples of recent urban agriculture projects given in the readings are coming from cities located in developed countries, like Paris or Berlin. These projects are benefiting from efficient public services like municipal waste treatment, modern infrastructures and adequate urban planning, from the skills of highly-educated project leaders and from the support of public authorities (Aubry & Daniel; Specht et al.).

This favorable environment for the development of urban agriculture might not exist in some big cities in developing countries. High level of urban pollution, lack of waste treatment, less-efficient public services or issues of water-scarcity might hinder the implementation of modern and productive urban agricultural projects. Therefore, is modern UA mostly a northern country’s tendency or can it spread in every urban areas located in both developed and developing countries?