In The Second Machine Age, Brynjolfsson and McAfee explain that this new revolution will globally improve the quality of life for population around the world, as some digital progress already did (smartphone, music, cabs apps, etc.). Could we also imagine that this new age lead to a more transparent, accountable, and participatory democracy ?

Indeed, new technologies and new platforms will probably enable citizens to voice their opinions, coordinate their efforts, challenge their governments and even maybe supervise public authorities. However, the reverse is also true and governments could obtain bigger technological powers to increase their control over populations, putting democracies at risk. How could we avoid such a risk and guarantee that digital progress won’t obstruct people’s freedom ?