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Automated devices rest on many raw materials: rare earth elements, gold, platinum… All of those resources are not infinite and their extraction is often extremely destructive for the environment. Could physical limits due to the scarcity of the resource, or political opposition to mining industries prevent automation to be developed to its full extent?

These devices consumes a lot of energy. Already, the functioning of the web is as CO2 emitting as air transportation (Global e-Sustainability Initiative (GeSI)). Isn’t the rise of automation opposed to efforts fighting the global warming?

Finally, robots ends up as electronic wastes. Given the fact that we handle already existing electronic wastes with considerable difficulties (sanitary consequences for population, land and water pollution), won’t the sky-rocketing increase of electronic wastes – in the hypothesis of an automation revolution – make the waste situation truly unbearable?