Last month, the first “black boxes” were introduced in the French Internet network to gather metadata on individuals’ communications for intelligence agencies (in french here http://www.lemonde.fr/pixels/article/2017/11/14/les-boites-noires-de-la-loi-sur-le-renseignement-sont-desormais-actives_5214596_4408996.html ).

Mass surveillance is one of the biggest step a government can make thanks to digital technologies, and it takes place in many dystopia. But nowadays, many governments that are not equipped with such technologies constantly have to request Google, Facebook etc… to conduct their investigations.

Tricky question  : How deeply should States monitor the Internet, if they don’t want Google or Facebook to be the only one able to enforce law in the digital world ?

(It is also linked to Weber’s definition, of a state as a “human community that (successfully) claims the monopoly of the legitimate use of physical force => then what about digital force ?”)