Digital revolution is spreading across the world and its new 21st century digital culture with its powerful instruments such as new media, social networks and multiply-user software forces politicians to be transparent and openness almost for each day, not only for the period of pre-election period.  A good example of this could be considered a fact that almost all politicians have their social network accounts such as Facebook and Twitter. The Arab Spring started after the citizens mobilized in social network such as Twitter and Facebook and then conduct anti-governmental protests in the streets. But at the same time, the same social networks and digital techs can be used for spreading racist and far-right radical opinion which damages democracies. In this context, can we say that digital technologies can promote democracies and can be considered as a linear tool for participatory democracies or they are just one of the double-edge tools that can promote or destroy participatory democracy?



Deuze, M. 2005. Participation, Remediation, Bricolage: Considering Principal Components of a Digital Culture, Journal, The Information Society , 22(2), pp. 63-75

Wikipedia, Civic technology. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Civic_technology

Beaumont, P. 2011. The truth about Twitter, Facebook and the uprisings in the Arab world. The Guardian. available at https://www.theguardian.com/world/2011/feb/25/twitter-facebook-uprisings-arab-libya  , Accessed to, 16.11.2017

edited question