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As exposed by Ms O’Neil (https://youtu.be/gdCJYsKlX_Y) in her conferences about weapons of math destruction, and alluded to by Karen Yeung, states at least partially rely on algorithms designed by private companies, which prevents citizens to access the source code where the definition of success is embedded.

O’Neill illustrates her point with the city council of NY evaluating teachers with an algorithm no one actually can control or even access in the townhall as it is owned by the company that developed it.

Hence the following question: should state only use state developed algorithms? Beyond state development capacity, are there other hurdles?