It is likely that UBI will have to be created in developed economies to compensate the loss of millions of jobs in the next decades. Tech CEOs are supporting it (see: http://cnb.cx/2xfcwog); the idea also begins to appear in the European political debate. We could soon have a situation where people qualified for jobs that AI can now do are being given an UBI, because they can’t convert into another area, while the jobs for which AI doesn’t have yet the upper hand remain the privilege of a lucky educated few. Isn’t this worsening the social inequalities of our societies? (see MIT Technology review : http://bit.ly/2ba0oqT)
In a long-term vision, when all jobs are in the hands of AI, will our economy resemble a communism 2.0, where the AI hold the monopoly of the means of productions, and the people are being given an equal UBI ?
Also see : https://www.ft.com/content/6250e4ec-8e68-11e7-9084-d0c17942ba93 (about open data and planned economy).
Nevertheless, I would be more nuanced in the way to ask the question (even if I think this is really interesting). How AI will influence the loss of job is still really controversial, and I would take that into account.