Question to Thomas Oriol
There is a lot of controversy about the idea that machine learning and, more generally AIs will lead to a significant decrease in the number of jobs available. Actually, Data Scientist Jeremy Howard states that “80 percent of the world’s employment in the developed world is stuff that computers have just learned how to do.” Others, such as Yuval Noah Harari in its essay Homo Deus, talk about the development of better human beings thanks to cyborg and AI technologies. In either case, this would lead to a revolution in our economical model, and people would not be able to prosper by working because of the lack of jobs. What new model could we expect? One where only capital income would exist? And is such a model actually desirable?
Two interesting opinion papers :
We can maybe link your question with the debate on the universal revenue (Elon Musk, Benoît Hamon). If the rise of the AI means the end of work, how do we do to ensure everyone’s living in a society where working is one of the main source of income ? On what ground can we enable to create ties for a peaceful, livable society, after the end of work ?